Rootkits and Botnets are threats that are hidden on your computer, and you may not know what they can do to your system. Let’s find out what exactly they are and how to protect yourself from these invaders.

What are rootkits?

A rootkit is a piece of software that is installed on your system without your permission and knowledge. Rootkits can be included in major software package, or they can trick your system into downloading it directly form the internet. Rootkits take advantage of your system’s weaknesses and help attackers to invade your system. Thanks to these rootkits, attackers can continuously monitor your system without being detected. Rootkits themselves may not be not malicious but they can hide other malicious activities on your system – allowing attackers access to valuable information on your computer

What are botnets?

The term botnet is derived from a networking term – “bot network”. A botnet is simply an automated computer program or a robot that can be controlled by an outside source. Attackers usually gain access to your system by placing a corrupted file or an virus onto your system. Cybercriminals can then use the countless botnets under their control to increase the impact of their crimes – such as stealing confidential information, taking down websites, and other such cybercrimes.

How do you keep safe from botnets?

  • Keep safe on the internet – don’t visit websites that deal with torrents, warez, or other such content.
  • Use a good antivirus to keep your system safe from malware and spyware.
  • Use strong passwords for your accounts so that attackers will find difficult to crack them.
  • Install firewalls – Firewalls protect your system by blocking unauthorized access.
  • Keep your softwares updated.
  • Scan your system regularly with a program such as Malwarebytes Anti-Malware.

via us-cert.gov

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